Plumbing Faucets and Faucet Handles

Plumbing is the system of pipes and fixtures that delivers potable water, removes wastewater, and vents rainwater. Plumbers use many tools to repair or install plumbing in homes, businesses, and public buildings.


Choosing a good plumber is essential. You want someone knowledgeable, licensed, and reputable. Visit to learn more.

It may not seem that the material your faucet is made from or the color of the finish matters, but it does. The reason is that the method used to finish a faucet affects its durability and longevity. The most common methods are powder coating, electroplating, and physical vapor deposition (PVD).

A good quality faucet should be able to resist corrosion from both hot and cold water as well as household cleaners. It should also be able to stand up to repeated use without scratching or denting.

The most durable faucets are made from solid stainless steel. This popular BathSelect material is extremely rugged and has a sleek, modern look. A stainless steel faucet is easy to clean and blends with almost any decor. Unlike brass, stainless steel won’t tarnish or corrode and is completely lead free.

Other metals such as copper and zinc can be used to make faucets but are more likely to rust. Solid copper faucets can look plainly pragmatic or crisply contemporary but require regular polishing to avoid tarnish. Zinc faucets are inexpensive but won’t last as long as a quality brass model.

Chrome is the most common finish but abrasion and scratch-resistance tests show that it wears quickly. Brushed nickel and bronze are alternatives that offer a richer color and better durability than traditional polished chrome. Bronze finishes are generally created using PVD and are available in a wide range of styles from brushed to oil-rubbed to antique.

Stainless steel is another alternative to chrome, and is also very scratch-resistant. It is a tough material that can look classic or contemporary and is 100% recyclable. Stainless steel is one of the most environmentally responsible materials and also the longest-lasting.

There are a number of nonmetallic finishes to choose from including white, black, and biscuit (a creamy white). These colors can complement any style but tend to be less durable than metallic faucets. A powder coating uses electricity to bind plastic powder to a faucet which makes it more resistant to scratching and fading than paint but still won’t hold up to rough scrubbing or high temperatures.

Faucet Body

The body of a faucet is the metal structure that controls the water flow and temperature. Brass is the most common material for the body, but manufacturers also use stainless steel and plastic. Some faucets have a separate spout and body, while others have a single piece that contains the control functions.

Whether your faucet is a two handle or a single handle, the body has to do a lot of work to keep your water flowing smoothly at the right temperature. It’s also responsible for the overall look of your sink, so you want it to look good.

For most modern faucets, the body is made by hot forging. Heated metal is forced into a die that’s nearly the same shape as the faucet body, and the pressure is slowly increased over several seconds to make sure the metal fills the die completely. This produces a very precise shape, and only minor machining is required to finish it off.

Then, the faucet is polished to make it smooth and shiny. It’s also coated with a clear polymer to improve durability. For colored finishes, a similar polymer or epoxy paint with color added is sprayed on the faucet and heat cured.

When the manufacturing process is complete, your new faucet is sent for final assembly. This usually takes place on rotary assembly machines that are precisely controlled or by robots. The spout or sprout (if it’s separate) is put in first, followed by the cartridge and finally the handle.

A ceramic disc valve is the most technologically advanced type of faucet valve, but these are usually more expensive than other types of faucets. The premium price is worth it for many homeowners, especially since they have long life spans and are relatively leak-proof.

Older homes might have compression faucet valves, which are cheap and easy to install, but they can corrode over time and develop leaks. These valves have a screw stem that rises and lowers when the handle is turned. As the stem is raised, a rubber washer seals a concave water inlet to permit water to flow through the faucet. As the stem is lowered, a compression washer compresses against the inlet to block the flow of water.

Faucet Handle

The handle is the part of the faucet that turns it on and off, controls the temperature, and allows you to adjust the water flow. Faucet handles come in many different styles and materials, from sleek and minimalist to ornate and decorative. The type of handle you choose depends on the overall style of your space and your personal preferences. If you have a contemporary kitchen, for example, you might prefer a stainless steel handle that matches the rest of your appliances. If your space has a more traditional design, you may want a brass or other warm-toned handle. Other factors to consider include the size of the handle and whether you want a single lever that controls both temperature and water pressure or separate knobs for each.

The material of a faucet handle is important because it impacts both the durability and the style of the handle. A handle made of stainless steel, for instance, is durable and will resist rust and corrosion. It also offers a modern or industrial look that can complement any style of kitchen or bathroom. In contrast, a brass or other warm-toned faucet handle has a classic and elegant appearance that can complement any style of room.

In addition to the material of the handle, you should also consider its finish. A faucet with a durable finish will resist chips and scratches, and it will be easy to clean. If you’re worried about stains or discoloration, consider choosing a color-resistant finish, such as a porcelain or ceramic coating.

Lastly, the handle should be comfortable to use, even with wet or soapy hands. A handle that is too small or too large can cause discomfort and reduce the amount of force you can apply when turning it. A handle that is easy to grip and turn will help you control the water temperature and flow while keeping your hands safe.

Replacing a faucet handle is an easy DIY project that can improve the look of your kitchen or bathroom. However, if you’re not comfortable with plumbing tasks or would like the peace of mind that comes with a warranty, then it may be best to hire a professional plumber.

Faucet Sprayer

A faucet sprayer adds flexibility to a sink by extending the reach of the nozzle and providing a stream or spray option. These are found on a variety of kitchen faucets and are available in many finishes to complement your design style. Some kitchen faucets feature integrated spray heads, while others have separate hoses that can be maneuvered to the desired position within your sink.

Faucet sprayers are also found on pre-rinse faucets commonly used in commercial kitchens to produce a high-powered spray for clearing stuck-on food from dishes. A sprayer adds versatility to your kitchen and is an excellent upgrade to a basic faucet in a new home or restaurant renovation.

To replace an existing sink faucet sprayer, first shut off the water supply. Open the faucet handles and remove any decorative escutcheon that covers the faucet valve body to expose the diverter cartridge and the nipple fitting for attaching the hose. Remove the cartridge and, if necessary, unscrew the decorative cap covering the screw holding it in place with a wrench. Once the nipple valve is exposed, a standard spray head can be replaced with a durable replacement model that offers a choice of stream or spray options.

The nipple connection on the faucet body has a threaded fitting for connecting a hose. You will need to replace this with a new hose when the old one wears out or is damaged. A replacement hose is inexpensive and easy to install. Before removing the old hose, grip the brass connection between the nipple and the hose connector nut with one pair of pliers and then unscrew the nut from the nipple with the other pair of pliers. If you don’t hold the brass connection firmly, you may twist the copper tubing leading down to the faucet body and break it.

Shut off the water supply to your sink again and remove the handle(s). Use an Allen wrench or screwdriver to remove any set screws holding the handles in place. Once the handles are removed, you will be able to see the sprayer hose and attach it to the nipple on the faucet body. Use the other pair of pliers to tighten the hose mounting nut to secure the hose in place.

What Does it Take to Become a Plumber?

Plumbing systems remove waste, provide hot and cold water, and regulate indoor climate. Plumber Tampa installs, maintains, and repairs these systems. They often use specialized tools and follow blueprints to place and connect pipes and fixtures properly.


The job can be physically demanding and requires on-call hours for emergencies. However, it is an excellent career choice for people who like to work with their hands and meet new people daily.

Installing plumbing systems: This includes laying pipe, connecting fixtures and appliances, such as sinks and toilets, installing water heaters and more. This job requires attention to detail, as well as following building codes and blueprints. Plumbers also perform routine maintenance on plumbing systems, such as unclogging drains and repairing leaks. They use specialized tools to inspect pipes and drains for damage and make repairs as needed.

Service and repair: Plumbers are called in when a household or business has a problem with its plumbing. This can include clogged or blocked drains, malfunctioning water heaters, and more. These plumbers troubleshoot the issue and fix it as needed, often using specialized equipment like augers or snakes. They may also be responsible for installing or repairing backflow prevention devices. Plumbers in this role must have strong customer service skills and be able to explain complicated plumbing issues in an easy-to-understand way.

Construction: Plumbers who work on new construction projects install the plumbing systems for these structures, including piping, appliances and fixtures. This job involves working closely with builders and architects to ensure that the plumbing meets all necessary specifications. Construction plumbers also handle the plumbing for large-scale construction projects, such as hospitals and factories.

Continuing education and training: Plumbers must continue their education to stay relevant in the field. This is especially important as plumbing technology changes and new regulations are implemented. In addition, many plumbers participate in apprenticeship programs, where they learn the trade while earning a wage.

Physical demands: Plumbers must be able to lift heavy objects and work in tight spaces. They also need good eye-hand coordination to operate power tools and other machinery. Plumbers must be healthy enough to climb stairs and ladders when necessary and work outdoors in inclement weather.

Because of the nature of their work, plumbers are at risk for exposure to hazardous materials, such as asbestos, lead, chemicals and other harmful bacteria and viruses. This is because plumbers are frequently required to enter crawlspaces and other confined spaces that can be difficult to clean. In some cases, plumbers must also wear protective gear when completing a job.

Education and Training Requirements

Plumbing is a trade that requires extensive training to become proficient in the field. Plumbers are trained either through a formal apprenticeship or a vocational school program that includes classroom instruction and on-the-job experience. College-level plumbing programs can also provide the necessary knowledge and skills for working in this career.

The majority of plumbing education and training takes place through a formal union or trade organization apprenticeship. This type of program lasts four to five years and provides a combination of classroom instruction and paid on-the-job training. Apprenticeship programs require a high school diploma or equivalent and typically include OSHA safety training, blueprint reading instruction, and in-depth training on local plumbing codes and regulations.

In addition to these core skills, plumbers must be able to think critically and solve problems in an effective manner. They must be able to weigh various solutions and choose the most cost-effective course of action. Additionally, they must be able to communicate clearly with customers and explain the work required and associated costs.

Plumbers may work in a variety of environments, including residential, commercial, and industrial settings. As they gain more experience, plumbers will be entrusted with more complex tasks and projects. This includes performing plumbing inspections, repairing sewage systems, and designing plumbing systems.

While most plumbers are employed by businesses and organizations, some pursue freelance opportunities. This option can offer more flexibility in scheduling and choice of clients, but it does come with a greater degree of risk. Freelance plumbers must have sufficient financial resources to cover all their expenses while working on projects.

Because plumbers are often exposed to dangerous chemicals and sewage, they must be able to follow strict safety protocols. In addition, they may be required to enter small spaces and crawl through tight areas, which can cause discomfort or even injury. As a result, plumbers must be physically strong and prepared for demanding work conditions.

Licensing Requirements

A career as a plumber can be rewarding for individuals who enjoy working with their hands and solving problems. There are a variety of routes to becoming a plumber, including attending a trade school program or undertaking a formal apprenticeship. Apprenticeship programs typically last four years and combine classroom instruction with paid on-the-job training. Some apprenticeships also include training in specialized areas of plumbing, such as pipe fitting or backflow prevention device testing.

After completing an apprenticeship, prospective plumbers must obtain a license to work in their chosen field. Requirements vary by state and locality. A license is normally required to perform plumbing tasks that carry a significant amount of risk or those that involve the installation of gas lines. Plumbers must be knowledgeable about building codes and regulations. They interpret blueprints and plans to ensure that plumbing projects are constructed according to local and federal laws. Plumbers also inspect, maintain, and repair plumbing systems.

Those who wish to become a licensed journeyman plumber must complete a training program that includes 2,000 hours of on-the-job experience. Applicants must also take and pass a state-approved exam. Some jurisdictions also require a high school diploma.

The licensing requirements for a journey plumber in Rhode Island are similar to those of a licensed master plumber. In both cases, a high school diploma is required to start the apprenticeship. The duration of the program is four to five years and includes 2,000 hours of on-the-job training in addition to classroom instruction. Journey plumbers must be proficient in installing, repairing and maintaining a wide range of plumbing fixtures.

Work Environment

As a plumber, your job can be very demanding. But it also offers a great deal of variety, depending on the nature of the work you do and the environment in which you carry it out. For example, domestic plumbers will often be required to do a lot of work in people’s homes and apartments, which can be quite challenging as they may have to work in tight spaces and around lots of furniture, fixtures, and appliances.

Another type of plumbing work involves working on large-scale projects for public buildings like schools, hospitals, and shopping centres. These are very different environments to residential settings and require a lot of planning, organising, and coordination as well as the ability to work under pressure. Plumbers who work on these kinds of larger-scale projects are typically employed by companies that specialise in the construction of such facilities or by local water supply companies.

Plumbers are sometimes called out to attend emergency call-outs as well, and this is a very varied and unpredictable part of the job. For example, you could spend all day in one home fitting out an entire new plumbing system and then be sent out to a job at night to repair a burst pipe that has caused flooding or a gas leak. The variety of the work means that you can never be sure what to expect from one day to the next, which is good news for anyone who wants a career that provides plenty of opportunities for variety and interest.

Plumbers are often required to do a lot of heavy lifting and bending, as they might have to work in awkward positions under sinks or behind walls. They also spend a lot of time standing and moving about during their jobs, so it’s important that they have a good level of physical stamina. The variety of the work, together with the potential for significant financial rewards, can make being a plumber an appealing option for many people. But it’s important to remember that the industry is demanding and requires a high level of skill, so you should only consider it after thorough research into what’s involved in terms of both the training and the work itself.

How to Properly Install Replacement Windows

Aside from the energy savings, new windows add value to your home. They look great and let in more natural light, making your space feel larger and more inviting.

Replacement Windows

Unlike new construction windows, Replacement Windows Potomac are designed to fit into existing openings, without alterations to the wall or trim. This allows for minimal household disruption and saves time.

A new replacement window not only looks great and increases your home’s energy efficiency, it also protects your building from moisture damage. Replacing old windows is a major undertaking, so it’s important to be well-informed before the project begins. Read on to learn about the entire installation process, from assessing the site to installing the window itself.

The first step in the process is preparing your old window frame for replacement. The contractor should remove the existing window, remeasure the opening and clean the area to prep it for installation. They will also mark the wall where the new window will go to ensure that everything lines up properly.

After the old window is removed, the new window is inserted into the frame and fastened with screws. The screws should be driven just past the surface of the framing to minimize moisture damage.

Once the new window is in place, the installer should apply insulation and caulk to ensure a tight seal. Insulation helps keep hot and cold air in your home during the winter and summer, and caulking reduces drafts. A high-quality contractor will take care not to leave any gaps or cracks, so it’s important to follow their instructions carefully.

Before the installation crew starts working, they should cover any furniture and wall decorations to prevent them from getting dusty or damaged during the construction. They should also tarp any areas where they will be walking or working, which can help minimize dust and debris. It’s also a good idea to move any fragile items away from the work area so they can be safely handled and stored.

A quality contractor will always use wood interior stops to finish off the edges of the new window. These are attached to the jamb with a brad nailer or screws, and they should be painted or stained before they’re installed.

Finally, the installer should shim the window as needed to make sure that it’s square in the jamb opening and leveled horizontally and vertically. They can do this by measuring diagonally across the window and adjusting it until the measurements are equal. Then they’ll drive screws into the upper left and lower right corners to secure it in place.


For homeowners who cannot afford to set aside a large sum of money for window replacement, there are financing options available. These can include personal loans, home equity loans, and credit cards. These options allow you to spread out the cost of your windows over a number of years, making them more affordable.

Personal loans are a great option for homeowners who need to pay for a variety of needs in a short amount of time. They are typically easy to qualify for and do not require a large down payment. However, their interest rates can be high and they can take a long time to pay off. Credit card financing is also a good option for some homeowners, but it comes with many fees that can add up quickly.

Many replacement window companies offer their own financing programs, which can be more flexible than traditional loan options. These programs can help you make small monthly payments until your project is complete. This can be a great way to save up for the cost of your windows without having to empty your family savings account.

Window replacement can be a big investment, but it is one that can improve the energy efficiency of your home and increase its value. Many states have programs that will provide tax credits or rebates to homeowners who invest in new, energy efficient windows. It is important to research these programs and consult with professionals who can offer advice on the best financing options for your home.

Window financing programs can be an excellent way to save up for the cost of your new windows, but you should always consider other financing alternatives before taking this route. For example, a credit card with rewards can be an effective alternative to financing, but it can have expensive interest rates and can affect your credit score. A home equity loan or HELOC is another financing option that can be effective, but it requires you to use your house as collateral. Finally, an FHA rehab loan is a mortgage loan that can be used to finance renovations and repairs, including the cost of replacement windows.


Warranties can be a great way to add confidence in the work of your window replacement company. They can cover a range of issues, including breakage, installation errors, and defects in materials. But be careful about the length of coverage. Warranties can have different durations for different components of the window, and they may require maintenance or specific procedures in order to remain valid.

Depending on the type of windows you choose, warranties can also differ in terms of transferability and duration. A double lifetime warranty, for example, covers windows for twice as long as a standard lifetime warranty. It can also be passed on to a new homeowner in the event of a home sale. On the other hand, a prorated warranty typically covers a decreasing percentage of replacement parts over time and can be voided by certain circumstances.

When choosing a window replacement contractor, you should ask plenty of questions and carefully read the warranty documentation. Look for sections that outline coverage, breakage, failure, duration, and transferability. You should also check the fine print for any exclusions and other important details that could affect your potential warranty coverage.

You should also consider the reputation and reliability of the company in question. Companies with a solid track record of quality products and service are more likely to honor their warranty guarantees and provide efficient customer support in the event of an issue.

Additionally, you should consider how a window warranty may impact the overall cost of your project. For example, some companies require homeowners to pay for labor to file a claim, which can add up over the course of several repairs. These fees are often less than replacing the windows altogether, but they can still be a significant expense. Other companies have no such fee, so it is a good idea to know what to expect before you decide on a window contractor.

Energy Efficiency

Replacing old, drafty windows with new Energy Star rated models can save you money on your heating and cooling costs by cutting down on the air leakage that can make a home feel cold. The amount of savings you’ll realize depends on where you live and which window model you choose. However, the Environmental Protection Agency estimates that replacing 10 inefficient single-pane windows with new Energy Star rated models can reduce your heating and cooling costs by up to $225 per year.

Your frame material will have a major impact on the energy efficiency of your replacement windows. Many homeowners prefer to purchase and install frames made from durable, low-maintenance materials such as vinyl or aluminum-clad wood, which offer a combination of beauty and performance. If you want to maximize the amount of natural light that enters your living spaces, consider installing larger windows or those with narrower frames. Natural light can brighten your home and improve your mood. It can also reduce your reliance on artificial lighting during the day, which will help lower your energy bill.

A new windows installation will also increase your home’s value. Whether you opt for inserts or full-frame replacement windows, the addition of energy efficient features can add up to an 80 percent return on your investment if you sell your house in the future.

Another sign that window replacement is a smart choice is if your current windows are difficult to open and close, or have fogging or condensation between glass panes. A quality, energy-efficient replacement window will eliminate these problems and provide you with a comfortable indoor space that’s easier to maintain.

Window rebates are an excellent way to offset the cost of new windows. These financial incentives are offered by government agencies to encourage home owners to make energy-efficient upgrades. To learn more about the available options in your area, contact your local utility company or visit the website for the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC). This organization is responsible for providing independent ratings and labels on energy efficiency for windows, doors, skylights and attachment products.

From Infestation to Elimination: How Exterminators Tackle Your Toughest Pest Problems

Many homeowners try to tackle pest infestations on their own. However, this is a difficult task that requires specialized training and equipment. In addition, it is important to follow safety protocols.

pest control

A professional exterminator will use safe and effective methods to eradicate pests. They will also help you set up long-term prevention strategies. Contact Exterminator Bakersfield now!

An exterminator, or pest control technician, is a professional who removes pests from homes and businesses. They use traps, baits, and chemical spraying to eliminate rodents, insects, and other pests. They also advise clients on how to prevent future infestations, including landscaping tactics and cleaning strategies. An exterminator typically needs a license to apply pesticides, so be sure to check their credentials before hiring them.

The job description of an exterminator may differ slightly depending on their specialty. For example, an insect exterminator will use different methods than a rodent exterminator, as they target different types of pests. Some will focus on trapping, while others will use a combination of chemical treatments and exclusion techniques. Additionally, some exterminators specialize in residential pests, while others focus on commercial pests.

Before the actual extermination process, an exterminator will inspect the affected area and determine the extent of the infestation. They will then choose a treatment method that is most appropriate for the pests. Some of the more common treatments include trapping, baiting, and chemical spraying. In addition to the actual application of the pesticides, they will also set up and monitor traps and other devices. They will also clean contaminated areas and keep accurate records of their work.

In some cases, an exterminator may be called upon to perform additional duties such as removing dead animals and repairing damage caused by the pests. In some instances, they may need to drill holes into walls to access infested spaces. They may also need to install barriers that prevent pests from entering a building.

An exterminator’s work environment can be dangerous, especially when they are working with chemicals. They must be able to read material safety sheets and follow manufacturer directions for the safe handling of hazardous chemicals. They also need to be able to climb stairs and crawl into tight spaces. In addition, they must be comfortable working outdoors in any weather conditions.

The job outlook for an exterminator is good, as it is a skilled and in-demand profession. In addition, there is a growing demand for preventive services to keep pests out of buildings. This has led to a surge in the number of new jobs, especially those targeting invasive species.

An exterminator is a professional that is responsible for eliminating pests in homes and commercial properties. They use a variety of methods to get rid of pests, including trapping, spraying, and baiting. They may also offer preventive services. The qualifications for becoming an exterminator vary from state to state, but most require a high school diploma and on-the-job training. They may also need a certification from a professional association.

Many exterminators start their careers as technicians and then move up to supervisory roles. They must complete a 3-month general training course on the use of pesticides and safety procedures. They can also choose to specialize in areas such as rodent control, termite treatment and bed bug removal. They must also pass an exam to receive their license.

The work environment for an exterminator is typically hazardous, and it requires a certain level of physical stamina to stand or crouch on their feet for long periods. They may also need to work in confined spaces and wear protective gear. Some exterminators may need to drill into walls to access infested areas. They must also be aware of environmental regulations and safety protocols, and they must comply with the appropriate laws and guidelines.

While education and training are the most important qualifications for an exterminator, some employers prefer candidates with relevant experience. Aspiring exterminators can look for apprenticeship opportunities with established exterminators or pest control companies to gain valuable hands-on experience. They can also pursue an associate’s degree or certificate in pest control from a vocational school.

In addition to completing a formal education, an exterminator must be licensed by the state in which they operate. They must also keep accurate records of their activities and implement strict safety procedures. They should have excellent customer service skills to attract and retain clients.

Some states also require exterminators to be certified as structural pest control operators. These certifications show that they are competent at managing pest control operations and complying with regulations. Some professional associations also offer specialized certification programs for pest control professionals who are interested in addressing specific pest problems, such as bed bugs.

An exterminator (also known as a pest control technician) typically works in the field, meaning that they may need to travel between locations to service clients. Their work environment is often a combination of indoor and outdoor environments, and they are exposed to all weather conditions. Additionally, they are required to use chemicals that can be hazardous to humans, so the ability to follow safety protocols is essential. Having good physical health is also a requirement, as the job involves strenuous activity and bending or crawling into small spaces.

Overall, exterminators tend to enjoy their jobs. They are typically realistic individuals, which means that they are independent, stable, persistent, genuine, and thrifty. They also like tasks that are tactile, physical, or athletic. However, they are not particularly interested in competition or stress at work, and they dislike time pressure. They prefer a predictable and routine work schedule. The work outlook for this career is favorable, as the demand for pest control services continues to grow due to increasing occurrences of invasive species and rodent infestations.

The job outlook for exterminators is favorable despite the recent economic downturn. As a result, many people are seeking employment in this field, and there is a shortage of skilled workers. Moreover, a growing number of invasive species has contributed to increased demand for pest control services.

Pest control workers perform many tasks, including identifying and inspecting problems, creating and maintaining barriers to pests, laying traps, spraying, removing nests, and recommending other steps to prevent the problem from recurring. They also advise customers on how to keep their home or business pest-free. They may also be required to wear safety gear, such as masks and goggles, depending on the type of work they are doing.

A high school diploma or GED is typically required, and employers usually provide on-the-job training to beginners. They can also attend courses for more specific training on topics like termite control or fumigation. The ability to keep accurate records is a must, and excellent customer service skills are helpful.

Another important qualification is physical stamina. Pest control workers often spend the majority of their time on their feet or in other uncomfortable positions, and they must be able to withstand exposure to harsh chemicals. Additionally, many of the pests they deal with are small and hide well. As a result, exterminators must be very quick and precise when working to eliminate them.

Many pest control companies offer full-time jobs, but those who work on regular routes may be required to travel from one place to the next. This can be inconvenient, especially if the weather is bad. However, these workers can earn good money, and they are often offered health benefits and other perks.

Exterminators are not only in demand because of the increase in invasive insects and pests, but they are also needed to clean up the environment. They are the front line of defense against these creatures, and they improve the quality of life for everyone in society.

The Process of Sealcoating Asphalt

Sealcoating is an important maintenance activity that keeps your commercial property’s asphalt looking new. However, the process involves more than just slapping tar on a driveway or parking lot.


Suitable materials and application methods are required to ensure success. A key ingredient is water, which satisfies the water demand of fillers/aggregate and additives and allows for fluidity for easy handling, application, and storage. To learn more, visit

Sealcoating protects asphalt from oil, gasoline, and chemical substances that can soften and degrade the pavement. It helps the surface remain flexible to pressure from vehicles instead of cracking under the stress, and it saves money in the long run because it extends the life of a paved surface and reduces or eliminates the need for costly repairs.

To get the most benefit from your asphalt, you should sealcoat every few years. Before sealcoating, you need to prepare the surface of your parking lot. This includes getting rid of any debris, and washing away any fertilizers, chalk, or oil stains that may be on the surface. It’s important to do this a few days before the sealcoating process, so that it has time to dry.

You’ll also need to make arrangements with any customers or suppliers who use your parking lot so that they know it will be inaccessible during the sealcoating process. They’ll need to reschedule deliveries or arrange for a different drop-off point, and you’ll need to put up signs warning people not to park there. If you have sprinklers in your parking lot, turn them off for the day of the sealcoating.

There are a number of different ingredients that go into a sealcoat, but the most important is the binder. This is what binds the other ingredients together and gives it a rich black color. Coal tar is the most common binder, but other petroleum-based products can be used. Some additives are included in the mix to help with drying, altering sand suspension, improving water repellency, and adding resistance to salts and petrochemicals.

The other main ingredient is the fillers/aggregate, which gives the sealcoat its texture. It’s also responsible for the black, glossy appearance that it has. A good mix will have a variety of aggregates to ensure that the sealcoat has an even, dense application. The cover aggregate also adds traction to the surface, which can help reduce the risk of skidding and other accidents. The aggregate also adds strength and durability to the coating, making it less likely to peel or crack.


Asphalt sealcoating is a messy business. It should never be attempted by a homeowner, and it should be done by experienced, professional asphalt contractors only. The materials are hazardous, and there is much work involved in applying it correctly. It is best to have a contractor take care of this for you, especially if you have a large commercial parking lot or driveway to cover.

The application process includes power washing the pavement surface, and treating any oil spots or oxidized areas with an appropriate product. Then the surface must be allowed to dry completely. The contractor will use a crack filler to treat any visible cracks in the pavement, which will also need to be fully cured before sealcoating is applied.

Once the preparation is complete, the contractor will apply the seal coat with a sprayer or squeegee. It is important that the coating be evenly applied, and that it is not allowed to run off onto curbs, sidewalks or grass areas. Sealcoating will stain these surfaces if it is not adequately contained.

There are several different types of seal coating products, and the type used will be dependent on the needs of each particular paved surface. One popular choice is a coal-tar product, and it contains TR-12, which is refined coal tar usually produced from bituminous coke in the production of iron or steel. Coal tar is a good alternative to other petroleum-based products because it is a much more stable material that will not degrade from exposure to the elements, sun or chemical penetration.

Another popular choice is an asphalt sealer that does not contain coal tar, but it still uses petroleum-based ingredients to provide a durable coating for the asphalt surface. These product formulations use high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons that can be harmful if they are inhaled or ingested by people, pets or wildlife. It is best to avoid these products if you can, as they are known to be carcinogenic and can cause other health problems as well. Regardless of the type of seal coating product you choose, it is always a good idea to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application and curing.


Sealcoatings, like all water-based coatings, attain full cure through the loss of all moisture from the wet film. As the water leaves, the wet film shrinks in volume and tightens to become an impervious, tough coating. The first 80-90% of the moisture leaves rapidly; however, it takes time for the last 15-20% of the water to leave the film. This slow release of moisture is one reason why we recommend allowing your newly sealcoated surface to dry for a minimum of 24 hours, even though it will be safe to walk on much sooner.

Sealcoat drying and curing is greatly accelerated during hot, sunny summer days, but even these warm weather conditions must be carefully monitored to ensure that the process of water evaporation does not cause damage before the sealcoating has time to fully cure. For this reason, it is recommended that sealcoating be applied only on a day where the forecast calls for a high temperature with no rain.

The ideal temperatures required for a proper sealcoat cure are between 50° and 85° Fahrenheit. Sealcoat applied at colder temperatures can “fog”, which immobilizes binder particles and prevents them from properly fusing to the pavement to form a continuous film that envelops the clay and filler particles of the asphalt to create a durable, hard wearing surface. Sealcoat cured under such conditions typically turns grey and blotchy in appearance and never returns to its characteristic dark slate black appearance.

Humidity is another important factor in sealcoat drying and curing. It can take twice as long for sealcoating to dry and cure when the air is humid, compared to a non-humid environment. The proper humidity level for your area can be determined by checking the local weather report or calling your local forecasting service.

Once the sealcoating has cured, it is then swept and broom finished to remove all loose gravel. This final step helps to eliminate any unsightly blemishes from the newly cured surface and also improves traction, making the newly paved surface safer for vehicles to drive on. At this point, the paving is ready for regular use as long as traffic is kept to a minimum to allow the new sealcoating to thoroughly set up and mature.


Sealcoating is a preventive measure that protects your asphalt from the elements. It can reduce the amount of oil that is lost from the paved surface and helps to keep water, salt, and chemicals from damaging the pavement. It can also extend the life of your asphalt and add value to your property.

Sealcoat consists of refined coal tar pitch, (a byproduct of steel production) or asphalt cement, which is a byproduct of the petroleum-refining process, mixed with inert fillers, water, and emulsifying agents. It is applied in thin coats to the pavement. The mixture is heated to melting point so it can penetrate the cracks and re-bond the surface. Once it has cooled, it will provide a protective coating that will extend the life of the surface.

It is important to follow all manufacturer’s instructions and hire professional sealcoating contractors to ensure a quality application of the product. It is also critical to schedule regular inspections to catch any potential problems before they become severe.

Ideally, sealcoating should be done in dry weather. Rain will destroy the finished result and should be avoided at all costs. A paving contractor will be able to tell you the best time of year to perform your sealcoating depending on where you live.

The area to be sealed must be blocked off and all vehicles must be removed prior to the process being started. Sprinkler systems should be turned off and remain off for a full 24 hours to avoid getting the newly-applied sealcoat wet. Barricades and warning tape should be used to help block off the work area.

When the job is complete, the area should be reopened to traffic as soon as possible. Any vehicles or pedestrians that enter the area before the sealcoating has had a chance to dry will dislodge or remove the new layer and cause damage. It is recommended that you use traffic cones and barricades to deter people from entering the area until the sealcoating has had a chance for proper curing.

Once the sealcoat has had a chance to cure, it is important to sweep and blow the surface. Any rock or debris that is blown off of the asphalt must be properly disposed of. Otherwise, it can get swept into landscaping equipment and end up in the path of people driving by. This is an easy maintenance step that will make your asphalt last longer and save you money in the long run.